This week we talk with Dr. We also talk the usual random shit like stripper names, chicken nuggets and beach cocktails. Enjoy this episode - Dr. Megan Brown is as amazing and inspiring as she is funny. We'll be back with a new episode next week! We talk about Barbara Walters, ironing dollar bills, swallowing frogs yes, you read that right and baby animal accounts. If we haven't convinced you yet to hole up with some coffee or wine!
This week we are exploring brick and mortar via the talented and uber-cool Mallory Shelter! Mallory Shelter of Mallory Shelter Jewelry and Brief Assembly pop up shop talks to us about her slow grow to success and gets real about trial and error in brick and mortar retail.
Hint hint: she has no idea what she was doing when she first dove in to creating pop-up shot Brief Assembly. This episode is a can't miss if you're thinking about going offline and instores! Mallory is chockfull of realness, grit and inspiration. This week we are getting serious, lawyer serious. Just kidding, kind of. Though my father was an atheist, my mother was a staunch believer and I never doubted that I was saved and was going to Heaven.
Sunday school was mandatory and, ironically, it was there that the first seeds of doubt were sown in my mind. I had always been an avid reader and tore through science books constantly, which prompted some uncomfortable questions from me to my teachers.
Biting The Bullet
Of course, the answers were vague and even I could tell at that early age that something was not adding up. Around the time I joined the Navy I had realized that Christianity was no longer fulfilling to me and I began to poke around at other religions to try to fill the void. I still thought that faith was necessary for moral guidance, so I dabbled in Islam and took an interest in Buddhism for a short time.
Slowly I began to see the recurring patterns of religion and realized that, while all religions could not be right, they could all be wrong. Eventually I reluctantly embraced the harsh conclusion that it was unlikely that God existed, but it eviscerated my faith and left me unsatisfied. It was in my mid-thirties that I stumbled upon Humanism. It proved to be the missing piece that changed my outlook on life and provided a solid base for my ethical worldview. Since that day I have never looked back. Currently I am focused on both getting the Navy at large to accept and support Humanism and connecting with other atheist organizations in the San Diego area.
If there is anything the Navy has taught me, it is that nothing can stop a determined force with a common goal forever. The questions I had were never really answered. The answers were inadequate and preposterous. I continued to ask questions and science provided an answer. Anger turned into curiosity which in turn turned into atheism. Raised in a catholic Hispanic family, well you could imagine what it was like to come out as an atheist. The more I discover about science, the more passionate I become. I didn't always even identify myself as an Atheist because I didn't want to be bombarded with the word of god nor was I prepared to explain it.
I had a profound moment in WLC when the welfare of my graduation certificate was held over my head during a graduation practice. We were going over all of the key movements we would make in unison, stand up, sit down, let us pray. I stayed at the position of attention, it caused the SGLs to question me and then insist that I crossed my arms in front of me and bowed my head just for "uniformity purposes".
Being young, uneducated and not fully prepared to defend my case I caved in for graduation practice. For the actual ceremony I stood tall and did not bow my head. I rightfully completed the course and earned that Now, I am at Joint Base Lewis McChord and looking to create an alternative to the frequent prayer breakfasts and chaplain activities. I would like to find other Foxhole Atheists to assist in the mentoring and education of the future leaders of our military.
More specifically, I am interested in the study of beliefs, values, and norms of a culture or group of people. In my experience, without naming any certain command, the Army caters to Christian ideologies. Chapels, holiday parties, ceremonies, for example, all have a christian tone quietly or loudly in the background. I found myself, as a nonbeliever, sticking up for soldiers of other faiths, when their voices went unheard. From pork substitutes at chow to time off for "spirit" walks. Even though I am not a believer of any religious creed, I still fight for equality of all instead of favoritism of one.
Glad to find a hub of like-minded people here. I have noticed lots of abrasiveness when simply not participating, or answering honestly when asked about god. So I joined this site to prove that you can be a good person with good morals without a religious aspect, and to let others know that they're not alone. I don't seek out conflict with people of faith, but I won't shy away from it either.
Afghanistan: April - January I am not interested in trying to persuade folks to forsake their religious beliefs. I only desire a "level playing field" within our military when it comes to religion. I believe that our military is currently doing it wrong regarding its obligation to respect its service members' religious and non-religious beliefs equally. I am frustrated by too many of our service member's unwillingness to acknowledge the difference between individual religious rights and the establishment or preference of a religion on behalf of our military read: government. I am an atheist no matter where I am, and I am grateful for the opportunity to network and advocate with other like-minded folks here.
Commanders would always pray over missions, thanksgiving dinners, national holidays, Christmas, etc. They could never be openly advocating Christianity though, so they would try and use a work-around. They would say at the end of the prayer, "in your name we pray. Muslims say "praise be to Allah. I also remember going through basic training and being given the option of "going to church" or "cleaning.
Of course everyone chooses church. The most common intolerance I got was when I would order dog-tags. For religious preference I would select "Atheist. I would also get the stand-alone basic ignorance questions when someone would find out I was an Atheist. Frankly, I was quite annoyed at how positively I could be viewed as a soldier, but so negatively as an Atheist. Army Specialist Christian Gorke Specialty: Infantry Dates of Service: March present Decorations: parachutist badge, expert infantry badge Tours of duty: Haiti p-au-p Jan-Apr ; Iraq Taji, khalid, Al asad May-Dec As for my thoughts on prayer in combat, people seem to live under the false impression that all atheists fear death and therefore in combat there is a need for religion or God s that can assist you in those desperate times so you can gather the courage necessary to get up and react.
I actually find this counter-intuitive, to my own experience at the very least, when I was stabbed in a riot my immediate thoughts weren't "oh god I'm getting stabbed, I immediately regret not believing and I sure do hope there's a cushy afterlife waiting for me," nor were my thoughts "oh I need to react," I simply fought back with literally nothing on my mind. Looking back it would be cool to say my life flashed before my eyes during my bleeding and I contemplated my life decisions, but that would be false, it was primal reaction mixed with adrenaline.
When I'm getting shot at, I take cover and fire back to get fire superiority. My focus is on the fight. As for the fear of death, that could not be farther from the truth. I embrace my mortality. As Richard Dawkins eloquently put, "We are going to die, and that makes us the lucky ones. If I die in combat or in my sleep, I'd have died knowing I was immensely gifted to be here and to share this world with my daughter. Now, however, being "strongly encouraged" as a leader to attend yet another prayer breakfast has pushed me past the point of tolerance.
I've always thought it was weird to see people who get excited about chasing skirts and thumping heads bowing solemnly as the chaplain prays before we do something dangerous. I've never been able to reconcile what I've personally observed in this world with the idea that there's some all powerful being that gives a shit about anything that happens on this "pale blue dot".
Before this latest annoyance it was the spiritual fitness questions on the Comprehensive Soldier Fitness Tracker Global Assessment Tool. There's no acknowledgement of the fact that a person can be okay without having to believe in a higher power and since I don't believe no amount of verbal judo can convince me that being "spiritual" is not the same as being religious I always score poorly and end up with a higher risk factor.
Personally, I feel that the realization that this is my one and only life leaves me with all the incentive I need to treat other people decently, take care of my family for the time that I am here, and leave them with the means to take care of themselves when I'm gone. We took care of wounded civilians, insurgents, and military. Our hospital was mortared regularly, and praying about random explosions just seemed ridiculous. The individual people in the unit were mostly accepting of, or apathetic about, my atheism.
However, there was a lot of overt religious emphasis from the unit command. The hospital chaplain, in particular, was naive to the concepts of religious diversity and freedom. He turned several mandatory "briefings" into a platform for proselytizing and preaching. He even tried to convert or preach to wounded patients, including locals and their families; these attempts were sadly comical, as they were overwhelmingly Muslim and almost never spoke English. My time in the Army, and in Iraq, served to cement my convictions about the folly of using religious dogma as guidance for personal policy and actions, and the high chance that religious doctrines can be volatile when placed in opposition to each other.
When I first entered basic training and we were given time off contingent on attending religious service, I was shocked. By allowing religious organizations to insert themselves into military life i. I want the men and women around me to know there is another choice. My response was no, I am too busy thinking about my skydive and what I need to do to make it successful. There is no place for praying. The same can be said of combat or any high stress environment.
- Atheists in Foxholes, in Cockpits, and on Ships.
- Bellas Lunch Day.
- Episode 29: Ashli Stockton CEO of Leisure of Sunday Forever: WE CAN HAVE NICE THINGS!.
At the time I didn't know any better. The only thing I've ever encountered when I told people that I was Agnostic or had no religion was when a fellow medic, a devout Jew, asked if I worshipped Satan. I only replied with, "I just told you I don't worship any gods, so why would I worship that one? The only time I've felt uncomfortable was when I reenlisted in '10, and I didn't tell my physician's assistant, whom I choose as my reenlistment officer, that I didn't want to "swear", so I'm sure everyone noticed me choking on the religious words.
I fortunately haven't felt much descrimination for my lack of belief. When asked if I believe in a god, I say, "I don't know," which is the Agnostic, "and, I don't care" which is all me. I don't need a religion or a god for me to be a decent person.
I was not openly atheist, and did not identify as atheist until years later, but I did not believe. It was something we never talked about, and I didn't give it much thought, but I thought of heaven, hell and god as ridiculous constructs of men, not to be taken seriously. I stood up for the unpopular Wiccans at the time who had a Chapel Rope of their own which I thought was really great. Later after studying more about alternative religions I fell into the "No Religious Preference" crowd. In my search for religion and a way to describe my beliefs I found no religion. Now I am proud of my secular beliefs and made sure to update all of my records so that they reflect that in the best way possible.
I have not had any problems though I know the more active I get in the community to try and educate the public on Secular beliefs I will encounter some. I've been able to have discussions about various religious ideas with many other military members. My beliefs have always been respected by the military religious community to include chaplains. It saddens me to hear that this is not the normal way we atheists are treated. I have spent most of my time deployed with SOF units and have seen first hand that there are a lot of us in foxholes out here! As for dog tags, I seem to recall a no preference choice, but cannot remember.
My dog tags have long since disappeared in the numerous job related moves our family has made over the years, so cannot confirm. Why a religious choice is necessary for a dog tag is beyond me. Should it come to it, the family can take of any religious matters, if any. While it has not often been an issue for day-to-day service, religious influence and privilege are pervasive, both in the active and reserve forces.
I have noticed, however, that more of my comrades are keeping their heads up during prayer services disguised as formations the only way to know this being to keep your own head up! As an officer nearing the end of my twenty years, I have developed more confidence speaking out against religious statements phrased as policy. I have also been more outspoken regarding the excess of political conservatism in the service, which seems to go hand in hand with religious extremism.
Military personnel, and junior personnel specifically, are more likely to be pressured to conform, so it is imperative that those of us who have been around a while exercise leadership in promoting the secular values our country and military were founded on. Everyone around me, neighbors, friends, family, extended family were all Mormons too. I believed because I never had a reason to question things. At the age of 19 I served a two-year proselytizing mission for the church. I joined the Army at the age of 25, by that point I had begun to question some things about the church, but I still considered myself a Mormon and still attended services all through basic training and AIT.
Once back home and drilling with my unit, I met a few soldiers who were not Mormons or liberal Mormons, or ex-Mormons, those guys working alongside believing Mormons led to many, many interesting discussions where more and more I belonged on the side of rational skepticism. It was or and Carl Sagan's book Demon Haunted World made me realize I could no longer believe the irrational. I quit going to church and no longer considered myself a Mormon, but it was and the church's involvement in California's Proposition 8 that made me decide I could no longer tolerate any affiliation with the organization, so I formally requested my name be removed from the church roster.
At that point I was refused new dog tags to update the religion block with 'atheist' or 'humanist' so I just had my own made online. One says 'atheist' the other says 'secularhumanist' had to make it all one word, but it fit. Like many here I have stood quietly through invocations at formal ceremonies or dinners, and through prayers for strength and safety before combat operations. I wasn't yet open about my beliefs or certain yet at that point in time. It has not been a quick process. You know undoing 30 years of upbringing and life experience, but I believe it is right.
And about prayer in combat? I might utter some words if i were scared to death or something, I dunno I might not. You would certainly be able to think more clearly in a critical situation though if you didn't have to think about what time it was and whether you missed your prayer. Because it will not happen. I will say this though about religious tolerance, the first friend I made after bootcamp was a girl who was born and raised muslim and still is muslim. I later deployed with her and went to "A" school job training with her as well. She is a great friend. Some people might think.. I've never encountered any problems being an atheist in the military, and even have a good friend who is a chaplain and he knows I'm an atheist.
But, the overt religiousness of the military does get old sometimes. The strangest thing was having a chaplain provide support to my change of command ceremonies, knowing that not only did the other people participating in the ceremony expect a chaplain, so did everyone attending. I wonder how it looked for me to stand up there with my head high, eyes forward during the invocation I won't fall to my knees and pray in combat when I could do something more productive with my time like reload, use the radio, or perform Buddy Care. I think if people want to pray in the Military then they should do it at the Chapel or in their home with their family.
As a child, I tried so hard to believe. I did the youth groups, the Bible study, all of that. It never clicked. It never made sense to me. Everyone tells you to work hard and to push yourself, but then, at the end of it, you're supposed to thank god? What gives? In high school, I asked myself: honestly, do I believe this stuff? When I realized the answer was a resounding "no", I finally decided enough was enough, and that I wasn't going to buy into it anymore.
I'm fine with religion for the most part. If someone wants to live their life based on a theistic doctrine, that's fine by me. What really gets me is the fact that every military event I attend begins with an "invocation", meaning "prayer". I was given the opportunity to give an invocation at an ROTC event a few years ago, and not once did I reference a god. It IS possible to remind your fellow service members to think about their deployed buddies, to keep their families in your thoughts, to remember the ones you lost without going through a deity first. I do admit that this specific tradition is part of the military culture, and not something I want to speak out against at the risk of putting personal beliefs before the mission.
However, when it all hits the fan, I'll be depending on the airman next to me, not god. That doesn't make any sense! I also think that the military needs to realize that not everyone in their ranks is a Christian, and that Chaplain-led Christian prayers in formation are grossly inappropriate. It seems that our Chaplain believes that if he prefaces every prayer with "I invite you to pray in your faith tradition as I pray in mine," it makes it all okay. I thought myself out after discovering religions are just shamelessly making up things as they go along. My journey has been one of exhaustive study in comparative religions and everything associated with the "New Atheist" Movement.
To my deep disappointment God never revealed himself to me so I had no reason to continue the delusion. Caring if my beliefs are true and seek to be intellectually honest unfortunately puts me at odds with most people who are prone to magical thinking. More political stresses than combat, it seemed.
As to prayer in combat, as long as its done privately and doesn't hamper accomplishment of the mission, I have no problem with it. But the military doesn't seem to see it that way, particularly the private side of it. My biggest issue currently is the tendency of the military to trot out a chaplain at every major event - be it a commanders call, change of command ceremony, drill competition, etc - and have them ask everyone to bow their heads and pray to "the Lord", apparently meaning Jesus. It's bad enough being an atheist and having to hear that not that I bow my head, I usually spend the prayer looking around to see how many other non-praying people I can spot , but I can't imagine how offensive it must be to people there who may privately worship other things.
Its official endorsement of Christianity, as far as I'm concerned. At the end of the day, what matters most isn't your race, gender, religious beliefs, or sexual orientation, but whether you can live up to the core values and ensure a climate of respect and inclusivity for all Airmen. Pretty much the way the rest of the services should be. The three pillars that the Corps values are founded on are "God, Country, and Corps. But I will definitely speak up when I hear a fellow Marine spouting ignorant religious dogma. Most of them don't even know why they're religious in the first place!
That being said, it sometimes feels like I'm the only one. I know that's not true at all, which is why I joined this group, to meet other atheists in the military. There's one thing I know for certain, that if it wasn't for religion, I wouldn't be stuck in this hell hole of a country fighting an invisible enemy. Atheists as a whole need to be more assertive, with respect, to help people see the folly of their archaic beliefs. I know it's not easy, but I'm in it for the long haul. Let's get organized and let others know we're here!
I am proud to serve a country whose founding fathers understood the importance of separating religion from government. I am proud to serve a country that allows the free exchange of knowledge and wisdom, even if damaging to long standing institutions. I am a Atheist proudly serving America. In combat prayer is just talking to the wind. Whether you're hit or not is just a matter of luck. We averaged days of combat and during WWII they averaged 40 days. We got water from streams and were resupplied with food every 4 days.
One fellow trooper believed that God would take care of him. The next day his brains were in my hands. I hope the military embraces the diversity of its ranks creating training, outreach, and support programs for nontheists that are equivalent to those of the privileged Chrsitian community.
Although I spent 19 months in-country Vietnam, it was in a relatively safe rear area and I never experienced anything resembling combat, never carried a weapon, and never felt myself in any imminent danger, not even during Tet. Plus another five-six months on a ship offshore. I'm reasonably sure that if ever in combat the closest thing to a prayer I might have uttered would have been, "Oh, shit! But it was apparent that it was not being enforced, no names taken, so after the first couple weeks only the incorrigibly devout continued to attend.
On my first ship a friend and I were caught on the quarterdeck when the chaplain came on the PA system for the evening prayer. Masters-at-arms yelled at us to take off our hats. We did. In Naples a friend was hassled when he reenlisted; he had indicated atheist on his reenlistment papers, some meddler in personnel brought it to the chaplain's attention and the chaplain called him in for spiritual reclamation.
Prayers from the Foxhole
Neither converted the other. In Danang I had to get the chaplain's initials on my request for six-month extension. It went well until the end, when he asked my religion. Some of my sailors had earlier earned his disapproval. In the 50s, beards were legal with prior approval, but as beards became identified with hippies, radicals, the 60s counterculture, they fell out of fashion were banned in I have continued to meet like-minded individuals here just in my troop.
I imagine there are many more back in garrison. I read a lot of info on the MAAF website. I have been considering talking to the chaplain just to get a feel for what kind of support can be provided out here in our semi-deployed environment for humanists. They have gone to great lengths to build a Chapel on our little base, provide bibles, show religious movies, set aside protected time for services, etc. What are some good questions to ask in an initial conversation? I'm very happy to be a part of the community.
Looking forward to being more involved. The fact that Man is capable of such profound horror has solidified not only my Atheism but my Anti-Theism. As a consequence of my time and experiences as a Christian I have an empathetic perspective and this keeps me from becoming hostile toward most other Christians. I still have hope and experience wonder and marvel at the universe.
As an atheist I have sought a Navy Chaplain when I needed to talk to someone and they were great. I would love to see an atheist or humanist Chaplain because their views are more in line with mine. I am concerned with a few things with religion and the military. First is having -so help me God- in the reenlistment. I requested not to have it in mine but others, like people in the Air Force do not have that option. Christian phrases like that should be completely eliminated from the military to complete the separation of church and state.
Another example I have seen is during change of commands, graduations, Navy Balls, Command Christmas Parties, where there are Christian invocations. I've voiced my concerns and was told it is tradition and that it is for the religious people. What about people like me who do not want religion at all in the military.
Religion needs to be out of the military completely. I worked with cryptography teams in North Africa and then ran a telephone company in occupied Rome. I had the opportunity in Yalta to run cryptography messages. In running intelligence separately, I had the opportunity to get confirmation of the atomic bomb blast prior to the Pentagon notification.
After the military, I served as a judge in Bellingham, Washington. I wasn't able to be out about my atheism as a judge or lawyer, but I hope others will be able to be out in the future. I think its a positive thing if it helps a soldier deal with stress on the battle field, but I strongly believe it should be done in private. Having group prayer is insensitive to individuals who do not subscribe to the certain religion of the prayer sayer.
We usually have a christian chaplain say either grace or bless the unit when we have get togethers. I would consider this religious tolerance from an atheists point of view, but I think if the tables were turned we would see discrimination. The only time I was truly in a hazardous duty was my last deployment to Iraq. I was stationed at Sather Air Base during the final draw down of troops and our military presence. We were shelled nightly by improvised rocket propelled grades and the like, and sadly lost many good men and women.
During that time, I was not an overt Atheist, but still felt no need whatsoever to pray. I took a very pragmatic approach to the shelling and alarms I took cover and waited, not worried about the what ifs As we directly support all the people beyond the green-zone The main issue I have in the military relating to religion is the whole chapel core, and the services endorsement of such.
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Instead of instilling other coping mechanisms, the services continue to coddle believing service members' while alienating all non-believers in the same motion. Being a believer, in whatever religion, in the services is the accepted norm I have had to sit through countless ceremonies where we are subjected to some religious service or prayer. I end up just staring around the room while most others bow down. And none of these ceremonies are optional.
And most of the time I actually do want to be there because they are things that honor other service members like retirements and such, but I do not want to preached to and forced to listen to the outdated fictions of some peoples beliefs. I am not against a person believing in whatever they want to, as I myself am married to a believer, but in battle, or on a ship, or command functions or anywhere, prayer and the like should be kept to yourself. Also it gets very old hearing people claim that our country, which I love, was founded on religion and a belief in god and how all our representatives continue to use their religion as a pillar of their campaigns and group all their constituants as god fearing people.
We should not be treated as non-existent and or have to hide our non beliefs for fear of being punished in the military or anywhere. However, when they try to include everyone as a whole to do it, I find it discriminating and useless. What I dislike about religion in the military is how biased it is. You will see a chaplain, who is from some form of a Judeo-Christian religion. However, where is the secular counselors?
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We need people to discuss these ideas of Atheism and to answer questions who are not biased and tell you to read the bible. I stood in many ceremonies where you bow your head and make a prayer. An Atheist in the military? Well, good job, now you get to work on Sunday because you obviously have nothing to do on Sundays right?
It's pitiful, and any government should be secular. People in power should not be biased because of religion. That includes prayer. I never minded invocations at ceremonies, I just stood there silently while others took strength, solace, peace, or otherwise communed with their imaginary friend. One thing I learned early in my Army career is that you really have to work hard to be a bigot, the Army is so diverse that you really do realize that assholes come in all colors, as do great people and lifelong friends. There are religious zealots who treat atheists and people not of their faith unfairly.
But since the command climate changes with the commander, they usually only last a couple of years before they rotate out and a person who represents the actual ethics and values of the Army assumes command. There is culture of faith in the military because some people find strength in it. There is a culture of protestant faith in the military because the majority of religious folks in the military are protestant. It's more of a logistics thing than anything else.
Atheists, more than any other group, can actually place the needs of the service first, and just stand aside and let their brothers and sisters take whatever strength they can from their religion. We need to speak up if we are discriminated against, but religion isn't going away, and our mission shouldn't be to drive it away.
I also witnessed more overt discrimination: while studying Arabic at the Defense Language Institute, one of our professors passed out Christian materials in class, and then called every Christian student up to hold a prayer circle immediately before our oral proficiency exams - leaving the Mormons, Hindu, and me sitting in our seats, mouths agape at how wildly inappropriate it was. It has since pained me to see news coverage of some egregious missteps by military personnel and consultants who have allowed the misperception that the US is involved in a war on Islam be used in terrorist propaganda.
The creeping evangelism in the US armed forces is deeply disturbing and undermines core American values. I am proud to be able to raise my hand whenever someone repeats the tired and false trope "there are no atheists in foxholes" to say, "Actually, I was. It did, however, show me the value excellent chaplains can bring to those coping with the stresses of combat. I hope that more Unitarian Universalists will choose to serve as chaplains and that the military finds a way to incorporate secular chaplains into the corps in order to better serve the large number of us who are not religious.
I think all humans need a philosophy to understand if they are happy. Here is mine. Regardless where one finds themselves, stress compounds and builds. Some people release their stress into prayer, yet, all too often find out that prayers go unanswered. Many chaplains I have encountered have been pretty open to athiests in the ranks, and one even supported our athiest group.
Yet, in the current command climate I'm in, I am discouraged by the amount of religious propaganda that is perpetuated and accepted by senior command. Science, logic, and reason must be at the forefront of all military leadership. Failure to do so with a faux belief in a diety will likely be akin to me wishing for the Kansas City Royals to win next year's World Series.
As much as I want it to happen, unless I can play on the team and contribute to wins, it probably won't. I was afforded the opportunity while in the United States Navy to work amongst some of the finest people I have ever known. My only regret is that I am no longer with them. I was known to many I served with to be abnormally literate as I was always reading in my spare time. I think people are more tolerant of opposing views if those views are based on study. I genuinely believe the majority of intolerance in this country comes from a lack of experience.
I can honestly say that some of the more devout believers I worked with were some of the most noble as well. I can only hope that by having worked with me that they feel the same about an old heathern. I did not consider myself a hardcore atheist until I began my deployment here in Afghanistan. Some men were drowned. It lies lonesomely on the sand, clamped in its rack, not a string broken. They cover the corpses of heroes with sand, and then in their whims they uncover them. The toes of his GI shoes pointed toward the land he had come so far to see, and which he saw so briefly. After years covering the war in both the European and Pacific theatres, Pyle was killed in Iejima, Japan, on April 18, , while reporting on the U.
enter In his pocket was a draft of what became his final column, On Victory in Europe , which saw a somber Pyle grappling to resolve the joy of the recent victory in Europe with his great grief at the cost. In the joyousness of high spirits it is so easy for us to forget the dead.