Walsh D. Fear of labour and birth. Br J Midwifery. An evidence-based practice guideline for the peer review of electronic search strategies. J Clin Epidemiol. The influence of women's preferences and actual mode of delivery on post-traumatic stress symptoms following childbirth: a population-based, longitudinal study. The impact of subjective birth experiences on post-traumatic stress symptoms: a longitudinal study. Archives Women's Mentl Health. Few women wish to be delivered by caesarean section. Cesarean section without medical reason, to a Swedish register study.
Birth Berkeley, Calif.
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Melender HL. Experiences of fears associated with pregnancy and childbirth: a study of pregnant women. Factors associated with fear of delivery in second pregnancies. Obstet Gynecol. Factors associated with childbirth self-efficacy in Australian childbearing women. Changed indications for cesarean sections. Antenatal fear of childbirth and sense of coherence among healthy pregnant women in Japan: a cross-sectional study.
Arch Women's Ment Health. Maternal request for cesarean section due to fear of birth: can it be changed through crisis-oriented counseling? Mental health problems common in women with fear of childbirth. An evaluation of midwives' counseling of pregnant women in fear of childbirth. Sjogren B. Fear of childbirth and psychosomatic support. A follow up of 72 women. Sjogren B, Thomassen P. Obstetric outcome in women with severe anxiety over childbirth structured abstract.
Secondary fear of childbirth prolongs the time to subsequent delivery. Women's experiences of intense fear related to childbirth investigated in a Swedish qualitative study. Why do primigravidae request caesarean section in a normal pregnancy? A qualitative study in Iran. Why do women request caesarean section in a normal, healthy first pregnancy? How social context impacts on women's fears of childbirth: a western Australian example.
Soc Sci Med. Previous birth experience in women with intense fear of childbirth. J Obstet, Gynecol, Neonatal. Nilsson C, Lundgren I. Women's lived experience of fear of childbirth. Ramvi E, Tangerud M. Experiences of women who have a vaginal birth after requesting a cesarean section due to a fear of birth: a biographical, narrative, interpretative study.
Nursing Health Sci. Experiences of emergency cesarean section: a phenomenological study of 53 women. Self-efficacy in pregnant women with severe fear of childbirth. J Obstet, Gynecol Neonatal Nursing. Lyberg A, Severinsson E. Fear of childbirth: mothers' experiences of team-midwifery care - a follow-up study. J Nurs Manag. Fears and coping strategies associated with pregnancy and childbirth in Finland.
J Midwifery Women's Health. The effects of counseling on fear of childbirth. A longitudinal survey of childbirth-related fear and associated factors. J Obstet, Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. Hildingsson I. Swedish couples' attitudes towards birth, childbirth fear and birth preferences and relation to mode of birth - a longitudinal cohort study. Sex Reprod Healthc. Behind the myth--few women prefer caesarean section in the absence of medical or obstetrical factors. A comparative study of the experience of childbirth between women who preferred and had a caesarean section and women who preferred and had a vaginal birth.
10 Names of Phobias in English + Phrases for Expressing Fear
A prospective study of effects of psychological factors and sleep on obstetric interventions, mode of birth, and neonatal outcomes among low-risk British Columbian women. Stoll KH, Hall W. Childbirth education and obstetric interventions among low-risk canadian women: is there a connection? J Perinat Educ. Fear of childbirth and risk for birth complications in nulliparous women in the Danish National Birth Cohort.
Fear of childbirth and risk of cesarean delivery: a cohort study in six European countries. Content of childbirth-related fear in Swedish women and men - analysis of an open-ended question. Childbirth thoughts in mid-pregnancy: prevalence and associated factors in prospective parents. Self reported fear of childbirth and its association with women's birth experience and mode of delivery: a longitudinal population-based study.
Women Birth. Prevalence and associated factors of fear of childbirth in six European countries. Birth experience in women with low, intermediate or high levels of fear: findings from the first baby study. Birth: Issues Perinatal Care. Fear of childbirth: predictors and temporal changes among nulliparous women in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Life satisfaction, general well-being and costs of treatment for severe fear of childbirth in nulliparous women by psychoeducative group or conventional care attendance.
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Corrected List of Phobias
Psychometric aspects of the W-DEQ; a new questionnaire for the measurement of fear of childbirth. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. Geissbuehler V, Eberhard J. Fear of childbirth during pregnancy: a study of more than pregnant women. Antenatal fear of childbirth and its association with subsequent caesarean section and experience of childbirth. Experiential factors associated with childbirth-related fear in Swedish women and men: a population based study. Midwifery ;31 4 — Characteristics of Swedish women who do not attend childbirth and parenthood education classes during pregnancy.
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Fear-E - Skuddy Deflektor
Fear of childbirth and history of abuse: implications for pregnancy and delivery. Women's fear of childbirth and preference for cesarean section - a cross-sectional study at various stages of pregnancy in Sweden. Fear of childbirth and duration of labour: a study of women with intended vaginal delivery.
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Clin Psychol Psychother. Childbirth fear, anxiety, fatigue, and sleep deprivation in pregnant women.
Rodent and primate studies on substrates of innate fear
J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. Fear of childbirth according to parity, gestational age, and obstetric history. Identifying women who are afraid of giving birth: a comparison of the fear of birth scale with the WDEQ-A in a large Australian cohort. Johnson R, Slade P. Does fear of childbirth during pregnancy predict emergency caesarean section?
Roosevelt L, Low LK. Exploring fear of childbirth in the United States through a qualitative assessment of the Wijma delivery expectancy questionnaire. Why are young Canadians afraid of birth? A survey study of childbirth fear and birth preferences among Canadian University students. Negative impressions of childbirth in a north-West England student population. The aetiology of post-traumatic stress following childbirth: a meta-analysis and theoretical framework. Psychol Med.
List of Phobias: How Many Are There?
Does antenatal education reduce fear of childbirth? Int Nurs Rev. Effects of antenatal education on fear of childbirth, maternal self-efficacy and parental attachment. Treatment of nulliparous women with severe fear of childbirth via the internet: a feasibility study. Download references. All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article [and its supplementary information files].
All authors contributed to the protocol. CN coordinated the review process. CS-L peer-reviewed the search strategy. EH and HS documented the Prisma flow diagram. CB performed the data analysis. CB and AD made the Tables. CN wrote the background section. CB wrote the methodology and findings sections. All authors contributed to the discussion and read and commented on the manuscript during the writing process. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Correspondence to C. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Reprints and Permissions. Search all BMC articles Search. Hessman 3 , H. Dencker 2 , E. Jangsten 2 , M. Mollberg 2 , H. Patel 2 , C. Sparud-Lundin 2 , H.
Methods Five bibliographic databases in March were searched for published research on FOC, using a protocol agreed a priori. Results In total, 12, citations were identified and screened by title and abstract; 11, were excluded and full-text of assessed for analysis. Conclusions Rates of severe FOC, measured in the same way, varied in different countries. Open Peer Review reports.
regamarbtesmi.gq/a-history-of-the-russian-church-to-1488.php Background Being pregnant and giving birth are described as a transition phase, or an existential threshold that childbearing women have to cross [ 1 ]. Methods Inclusion criteria Types of participants Participants were childbearing women defined as the period covering pregnancy, labour and birth, and the first year postpartum. Types of studies Surveys, cross-sectional studies, experimental and quasi-experimental studies where the control group could provide data , observational studies, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses, were eligible for inclusion. Types of outcome The primary outcome was prevalence of fear of childbirth, where this was defined clearly by study authors.
Selection of studies Studies were selected for inclusion from the papers identified, by team members working in pairs, using the above criteria. Data extraction and analysis Using a pre-designed data extraction form, data on prevalence, definitions and measurements were extracted independently by each member of the four review teams and checked for accuracy by the other reviewer. Results Results of search and selection strategy In total, 18, citations were identified using the search strategy designed.
Table 1 Characteristics of included studies on Fear of Childbirth Full size table. Prisma flow chart Single file. Prisma flow-diagram of the search and selection process. Full size image. Table 2 Measurement tools used, prevalence, and parity in Fear of Childbirth studies Full size table.
References 1. Google Scholar 2. PubMed Article Google Scholar 3. PubMed Article Google Scholar 5. PubMed Article Google Scholar 7. Trembling with fear, she handed over the money to the gunman. Even when the waves grew big , the boy showed no signs of fear. I have a fear of heights. The low profit figures simply confirmed my worst fears. Lakisha sat inside, in fear of her life , until the police came. C2 because you are worried that a particular thing might happen :. They wouldn't let their cat outside for fear that it would get run over.
I didn't want to move for fear of wak ing her up. Then he turned towards me and I was suddenly gripped by fear. I finally mastered my fear of flying. I was trembling with fear. You could tell she wasn't lying from the fear in her voice. Ten years later her worst fears were realized. Impossible and improbable. Linguistics: connecting words which introduce a cause or reason.
B2 [ T; not continuous ] to be frightened of something or someone unpleasant :. Most older employees fear unemployment. B2 [ T; not continuous ] formal to be worried or frightened that something bad might happen or might have happened :. We huddled together, fearing we might be killed. I fear formal mainly UK. He reassured people that law-abiding citizens would have nothing to fear from the enquiries. It was feared that the break-up of the oil tanker would result in further pollution.
The police feared that the crowd were becoming disorderly and so they moved in with horses. The committee kept the results of the survey to itself, fearing a bad public reaction. The government fears that talking to terrorists might legitimize their violent actions. Idiom never fear. He was a tough , fearless soldier. To fear is also to be worried or upset :. Idiom fear the worst. Many archaeologists regarded interest in theory with a certain suspicion, fearing that it might be a flight from the complex practical reality of archaeology.
De Cambridge English Corpus. Rather, the form of association as such is feared, because there is the possibility that it might be combined with a dangerous content. The older generation of colonial visitors were thus free of the fears of their youthful counterparts at the prospect of vulgarity and isolation.
Now, is the prospect of an endless interventionism something to be feared, because of the increasing power of the state that accompanies it? The new research alleviated these fears to some extent, at least for certain problems.